『Effect of Layer Directions on Internal Structures and Tensile Properties of 17-4PH Stainless Steel Parts Fabricated by Fused Deposition of Metals』
阿部 喜史1), 黒瀬 隆1),Marcelo V. A. Santos1), 2),金谷 陽太2),石神 明1), 田中 茂雄2), 伊藤 浩志1),
1) 山形大学 工学部
17-4PH stainless steel specimens were fabricated by fused deposition of metals (FDMet) technology, which combines 17-4PH particles with an organic binder. FDMet promises a low-cost additive manufacturing process. The present research aims to clarify the influence of layer directions in the 3D printing process on the mechanical and shrinkage properties of as-sintered and as-aged specimens. All specimens (the as-sintered and as-aged specimens printed in three layer directions) exhibited high relative density (97.5–98%). The highest ultimate strengths (880 and 1140 MPa in the as-sintered and as-aged specimens, respectively) were obtained when the layer direction was perpendicular to the tensile direction. Conversely, the specimens printed with their layer direction parallel to the tensile direction presented a low ultimate strength and low strain at breakage. The fact that the specimens with their layer direction parallel to the tensile direction presented a low ultimate strength and low strain at breakage is a usual behavior of parts obtained by means of FDM. The SEM images revealed oriented binder domains in the printed parts and oriented voids in the sintered parts. It was assumed that large binder domains in the filament were oriented perpendicular to the layer directions during the fused deposition modeling printing, and remained as oriented voids after sintering. Stress concentration in the oriented void defects was likely responsible for the poor tensile properties of these specimens.